Thursday, October 10, 2019

Parasite: Accomplishes the South Korean Dream

By José Alberto Hermosillo
“Parasite” is the most outstanding, hilarious, intense, and politically diverse movie of the year.

After “Mother” and “Snowpiercer,” Korean director Bong Joon-ho presents another class-consciousness magnum-opus 2019 Palme d’Or Cannes winner.

In “Parasite,” Joon-ho shows no mercy picking out the differences between rich and poor. Joon-Ho's humanistic approach is undeniable, maintaining a high level of respect for his characters regardless of their economic status, nor to their true intentions – since none of them are genuinely evil by nature or utterly uncorrupted by the system.

The South Korean story takes epic proportions resembling an authentic Greek-tragicomedy thru a Universal theme of class-struggle and life-irony. 

The symbolism of this film has a truthful meaning accordingly to their social-status. For a wealthy family, the rain represents a natural way of cleansing and abundance. For the poor, it represents a catastrophic chain of events that can wipe them off the face-of-earth – it is almost like fumigating “parasites.”  
Parasite still courtesy of Neon
The incredible journey of trickery and scams begins with Kim Ki-woo performed by the young and talented actor Woo-sik Choi (“Okja,” “Set Me Free”). The sneaky college dropout fellow takes the opportunity to work as an English tutor at the Park’s residence.

As is usual, poor people’s ambition has no limits. It is almost like rich people, they can't stop working because they desire more wealth. 

Ki-woo also sees the chance to have his sister Kim Ki-jung (So-dam Park) tutoring art to a disobedient preschooler, who is interested in surreal self-portrait painting, and American Indian wildness.
Parasite French poster. Cannes 2019.
Kim’s family determination to take over the house causes the firing of another key member of the Park’s staff. 

The patriarch of the Kims, Ki-taek, is played exceptionally-well by the renowned actor Kang-ho Song (“A Taxi Driver,” “Thirst,” “The Host”). He enters the house as the chauffeur. Aware of not crossing the line, his body odor of poor people causes the repugnance of the wealthy family.

In the real world, rich and poor can't get that close because of the odor. The smell reveals social status, type of job, quality of food, behavior. In South Korea, people responded to the sense of smell right away. The scent is something we can't talk about in public, but it is an inherent characteristic of all human beings.

Describing the genre of this extraordinary piece, Joon-Ho says when he writes a script, he is never aware of a specific style, because he let the story take the direction itself, without boxing it in one particular category. Everyone can classify his film accordingly to their perception.

The idea of making “Parasite” came out in 2013, during the post-production of “Snowpiercer.” While Joon-Ho was working as a college tutor, he met an impoverished young student who was employed in a wealthy family’s house. The director went over, the student took him upstairs, and he couldn’t believe how proud the guy was working in somebody else's house. This anecdote and other personal experiences motivated him to write his magnificent piece.
Bong Joon-Ho, director of Parasite. Photo José A. Hermosillo, Festival in LA ©2019
The Oscar® hopeful director admits with a good sense of humor: that he is not a “control freak” but likes to control everything. During the pre-production, he did the entire storyboard himself, and it was a big help for this linear story.

Like many South Korean wealthy families, the Park’s house has a bunker in its basement in case of an atomic attack by the North Korean leader “Little Rocket Man,” Kim Jong-un. By the way, the jokes about the commander of the north are part of the hilarious contemporary political satire of the film.

The work done by the art department is monumental. They built the interiors and some of the streets inside of a studio set, amazingly. That includes the well-controlled epic rain and flooding. The whole shooting took seventy-four days, three times more than an average film schedule of twenty-four days. 
 
After a screening in West-Los Angeles, during the Q&A, the director spoke about his film candidly. He said: "In most cases, microaggression towards the dignity of the underprivileged, damages our society." He continued: "When we watch the news, media and audience won’t dig a little bit more into the case - what are the motives, the necessities, or genuine intentions of people implicated."

Bong Joon-Ho worked with the same actors in his previous films. They know each other for a while and feel more comfortable for the actors to give an authentic performance for a perfectionist director. 

The performances in “Parasite” are exquisite and natural. The entire cast shines on the screen for long-lasting delight.

“Parasite” is an intimate film, not necessarily a movie with special effects. For that reason, Bong Joon-ho achieved the same Dolby Atmos sound quality of Alfonso Cuarón’s Oscar® winner “Roma, making emphasis on the difference of classes – noisy for the poor, quiet for the rich.

Funny but true, Kim’s mother quotes: “It's such a luxury to be kind. If I were rich, I would be kind.” The director says it's not morally correct, but it's straight forward.
Bong Joon-ho, director of Parasite. Photo José A. Hermosillo, Festival in LA ©2019
In society, the essence of family is to stay together. In"Parasite," the punishment is to end up scattered away. The audience cannot hate the Kim family because they have their charm. Actually, the spectators rule for the poor, making the Kims a very likable antihero.        

The morality of the film doesn't justify the act of killing and is open to an interpretation. Just remember, none of the characters are criminals, circumstances bring them together – but the calamity reaches all.

Some people may see “Parasite” as socialist propaganda, I see it as masterwork that reproduces reality in a very divided society.
José A. Hermosillo, a film critic. Festival in LA ©2019
Renowned actor Kang-ho Song (“A Taxi Driver,” “Thirst,” “The Host”).
Film critic Jose Alberto Hermosillo.
Festival in LA ©2019
Woo-sik Choi & Sun-kyun Lee, and film critic Jose Alberto Hermosillo moments before #ParasiteMadeHistory 🥂CONGRATULATIONS 🇰🇷🍾 Festival in LA ©2019
#Parasite cast and crew at the #Oscars2020 red carpet. Photo José A. Hermosillo, Festival in LA ©2019
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